Organic Gardening Compost

Organic Gardening Compost

Organic gardening involves growing food without the use of any chemicals or petroleum-based fertilizers.  The resulting produce is chemical-free and therefore considered to be healthier.  How can you manage to grow a backyard garden without the use of fertilizer?  The key to a thriving organic garden is compost.

Compost is a mixture of decayed plant and animal matter.  The best compost for organic gardening should have a high nitrogen and carbon content.  These two nutrients are key for nurturing healthy soil.  There is a theory in the world of organic gardening that says you should feed the soil and not the plants.  If the soil is healthy the plants will take care of themselves.  Proper composting creates the healthiest possible soil for your organic garden.

The ingredients that go into making nutrient-rich organic gardening compost should all meet the following criteria:

  • It should be biodegradable.
  • It should be chemical-free.
  • It should be full of nutrients.
  • It should be disease and toxin-free.

As long as your ingredients meet these criteria they should be alright to provide organic gardening compost for your organic garden.

Composting material is divided into two categories, green matter and brown matter.  Green matter is nitrogen-rich and moist.  Brown matter is carbon rich and much drier.  In healthy organic gardening one needs to put a balanced mix of nitrogen and carbon to flourish.  Some examples of green matter are:

  • Grass clippings and other green garden waste
  • Kitchen vegetable scraps (eggshells too)
  • Aquarium plants and water
  • Chicken manure

Some examples of brown matter are:

  • Leaves
  • Straw
  • Shredded newspaper (black ink only)
  • Dried garden waste

Once you know you have the ingredients on hand, you need to find a suitable container to hold your organic gardening compost.  There are two basic styles/sizes of compost containers.  Look at the size of your organic garden to determine your compost needs.  A large garden may want a timber bin.  These bins are essentially open topped wooden boxes.  If you chose a timber bin, know that you need at least 25 cubic feet of ingredients to reach the proper composting temperature.  Only a large organic garden can provide that much material.

For those with smaller gardens, continuous composting can take place on a smaller scale through a modeled plastic bin.  These bins are made from recycled plastic and their unique shape allows you to add new ingredients to your compost every day or every other day to keep it topped off.  The finished compost comes out a hole near the bottom.  Some of these bins can even be sealed up for winter use.

No matter how much or how little you need, nutrient-rich organic gardening compost is vital for a healthy organic garden.

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Bamboo Garden

Small Bamboo Garden

Belonging to the Gramineae family, these tall and long, green grass shoots known commonly as bamboo are versatile plants. Bamboo gardening is popular as they can be used as an ingredient of food, fodder for animals, interior and exterior decoration and also for carpentry. The presence of bamboo also creates a sense of zen-like atmosphere within houses and gardens. As per gardening experts, bamboo gardening can be a successful adventure provided you take care of certain things.

Bamboos can grow in regular soil with a good amount of mulch on the top – about four to five inches. Mulch allows bamboos to survive even when the roots freeze. They can be planted any time of the year in moderate climates. If you are living in places that have extreme conditions, as per experts of fine gardening, bamboo gardening is best when you plant them much early before winter. This way the plants will be mature enough to withstand the winter. If you intend on growing a bamboo hedge, spread compost and fertilizer on the entire area. Bamboo garden works best if you stake slender and tall bamboos. This will ensure that they are not uprooted even during strong winds.

Broadly, there are two varieties of bamboos – runners and clumpers. Clumpers can expand but because of their root structure which is limited, they can creep only for a few inches every year. These clumpers are tropical plants so it is best to plant them early before winter. Running bamboos can spread across huge areas owing to their underground rhizomes. This can be a cause of concern, but in the case of runners, should be hassle free if you bury a plastic hedging of about 2 feet around the plant. This is because the rhizomes grow only 2-18 inches deep and therefore, can be limited by this plastic hedging. Ensure there are no cracks in the edging because the rhizomes will find a way to get through these.

Indoor bamboo Garden

An Indoor bamboo Garden

Bamboo garden works best if you expose the bamboo plants to liberal amount of direct sunlight. If you are going to do bamboo gardening indoors, use bamboo plants that are not taller than 20 feet. They can survive indoors. Bamboos also require sufficient watering to yield new culms. However, over watering can also harm the plant.

Bamboo garden also requires regular pruning. Do not be concerned if the leaves turn yellow or drop during the spring season as is in the nature of bamboo plants. However, there should be new bamboo leaves. If your bamboo plant does not have a good ratio of yellow, green and new leaves, it is time to pay attention to your plant. If the leaves get rolled up, either your plant is exposed to a lot of sunlight or it is not being watered properly. If the culms are soft and start rotting, the bamboo plant is getting undernourished. Also, do not let the roots of the plant dry up. This will reduce the chances of the plant surviving.

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